Thursday, December 29, 2005

Einstein, Schroedinger and the Big Box Universe Paradox

By Elaine Meinel Supkis

I grew up crawling around observatories and haunting my parents' conversations with other astronomers and of course, my grandfather's gleeful explanations about reality always is the past even now (by the time your brain processes the data, it is already in the past, you see). So I have a twisted view about physics or rather, a realistic view. Since I am sick with the flu and running a fever, I figured, this is time to explain the space/time paradoxes.

From the New York Times
Einstein said there would be days like this.
Akiko Nishimura for The New York Times

This fall scientists announced that they had put a half dozen beryllium atoms into a "cat state."

No, they were not sprawled along a sunny windowsill. To a physicist, a "cat state" is the condition of being two diametrically opposed conditions at once, like black and white, up and down, or dead and alive.

These atoms were each spinning clockwise and counterclockwise at the same time. Moreover, like miniature Rockettes they were all doing whatever it was they were doing together, in perfect synchrony. Should one of them realize, like the cartoon character who runs off a cliff and doesn't fall until he looks down, that it is in a metaphysically untenable situation and decide to spin only one way, the rest would instantly fall in line, whether they were across a test tube or across the galaxy.
You can read the rest of the article, it is quite interesting. No diagrams, of course.

So I have decided to fill in all the blanks and add a lot of my own stuff.

Einstein, who my grandpa used to hang out with, even after I was born, famously said that God doesn't roll dice. Well, he was blinded by his own point of view and thus couldn't see the obvious: God IS a pair of dice. Mother Nature rolls him. Namely, within the parameters of the universe, random chance causes all sorts of things to happen but they are compelled to happen only in set circumstances and they follow rules of the road. Humans have tried to figure out both the mathematics of chance and the laws of physics so we can riddle out what is going on in reality. Thanks to various happenstances and random events like metorostrikes or star explosions, we have evolved as a planetary ecosystem as well as individuals, to the point that we have various organs with which we can sense things going on around us and a brain to project into the future so we can manipulate events in our favor. Like being able to visualize where the spear is going to arc so we can hit a running target from far away, for example.

Over recent human history, we have developed many tools to extend our vision and help us calculate more and more distantly into the past and project possibilities more and more into the future which is a lot harder to do. Predicting anything is very difficult even when one has a lot of information at hand. Using information about previous actions help us predict future actions.

All of which takes me to this: we cannot see the actions of the opposite galactic universe because the curve of space/time flows the wrong way. We can see backwards, we can see forwards except straight up.

If we didn't have lines on highways, when cresting hills, everyone would have to stop to see if there is anyone coming up from the opposite side. We can see down into the valley we crossed via the rear view mirror/telescopes but we can't see forwards past the crest of the hill. If we draw a straight line, we see open, clear sky, unless there is a storm, heh. Looking through the rear view telescopes, we can see the entire history of our trip if it is bowl shaped, namely, our Milky Way galaxy, as it drives along the galactic plane, can see all the way back to where our galactic plane first began to flex and expand.

One of the startling facts of physics is how things mirror each other, positive/negative, the dipole model is very strong. Sometimes, the forces at work are invisible such as the spin axis vs the planetary plane.
Interestingly enough, the oldest and most distant galaxies show clearly the two forces for the discharge of energy is so violent, it shows up nearly as brilliantly as the rotating inflowing material that is falling into the black hole.
From the Chandra orbital observatory:
Quasars are thought to be galaxies that harbor an active central supermassive black hole fueled by infalling gas and stars. This accretion process is often observed to be accompanied by powerful high-energy jets, which is depicted in the artist's illustration.

Compton Scattering of Microwave Background
As the electrons in the jet fly away from the quasar at near the speed of light, they move through the sea of cosmic background radiation left over from the hot early phase of the universe. When a fast-moving electron collides with one of these background photons, it can boost the photon's energy up into the X-ray band.

Radio Image
The observed X-ray brightness of the jet, which depends on the power in the electron beam and the intensity of the background radiation, is consistent with the predictions of the standard Big Bang model. The jet's brightness also implies that enormous amounts of energy were deposited in the outer regions of the host galaxy of the quasar at a very early stage. This energy input could have had a profound effect on the evolution of the galaxy by triggering the formation of stars, or inhibiting the accretion of matter from intergalactic space.
The energy from the Big Bang was so great, translating it into other forms was very violent. As the massive energy/force of the Big Bang traveled forwards in time, it spread outwards like a big bubble, the black hole eddies shot away from each other thanks to the propulsive force of the Big Bang. As the black holes sucked in debrie, they grew larger and larger. We think, some exploded a long time ago and produced multiple galaxies which are, in various groups, falling back into each other to form mega-black holes again.

Here is some interesting information about the earliest recordable emnations from the Big Bang: From the European Space Program:
Recent observations with the Hubble Space Telescope suggest that the first stars formed as little as 200 million years after the Big Bang. This is much earlier than previously thought.

Astronomers have observed large amounts of iron in the ultraluminous light from very distant, ancient quasars. This iron is the 'ashes' left from supernova explosions in the very first generation of stars.

We do not know exactly how and when galaxies, stars, and eventually planets formed in the early Universe. Astronomers look back in time to these early years by observing objects so remote that their light needs thousands of millions of years to travel to Earth. These objects provide clues about conditions in the early Universe.
Click here to view a picture of a very distant quasar which probably isn't some mere star but rather, a very rapidly moving, powerful black hole with polar jets of energy shooting out even as material falls inwards, note the surrounding gas that is thousands of light years in depth, burning as if the jets shooting out of this growing entity are a blowtorch and the spin is visible as the hottest tip of this torch lights up the dense gases.

Even today, we can see in our own galaxy, the extent of the debrie created by these sort of energetic actions, all the dust spiralling into our galaxy is the leftovers of more than one giant explosion eons ago. We can see it only if it obscures light, there is a lot of this stuff out there. And it is falling into all the galactic pools created by black holes like the one(s) in the center of our own Milky Way.

Our galaxy is falling into Andromeda's pool and she is falling into the Local Group which is sailing merrily into the maw of the Great Attractor which is, you can bet, since the universe is uniform and mirror image, is falling, too, back into a gravitational pool which is illustrated above in the graphic, "the Uniform Universe". Namely, if quantum mechanics is correct and if all data on the elemetary level is the same and changes the same no matter how far apart, then this is true of the universe.

Opposites attract and things that fall into each other are falling, not flying apart.

The appearance of acceleration due to redshifting is due not to the fact that everything is flying apart more and more but rather, as our Great Attractor deepens its gravity well, the light traveling around the curve of space has to travel more and more time in order to reach us as we slide faster and faster down the gravity hole of the Great Attractor. I hope this is coming across clearly because it irritates me, being untrained in the mathematical models scientists use to make a point, all I know is, we can't have a Great Attractor without it changing the nature of our own space/time observations because we are not moving in a straight line outwards, away from the Big Bang.

As the top illustration shows, if we are in a gravity pool, the pool is moving back towards the Big Bang only we can't see forwards, only backwards, and if all things in nature are dipole by the fact they must be both negative and positive in some way, or that they are matter/antimatter at all times somewhere, this means, we will bang into our mirror universe when we fall into the Great Attractor.

Not that it would matter much, we will long be ground into tiny elementals by then, anyway.

Why this universe ever got started in the first place is another riddle. Good thing we have the Spaghetti Monster to blame for that.
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